Research & Innovation

Paul Grogan of SSE Leads SERC Research for NASA’s New Observing Strategies Testbed

Dr. Paul Grogan, Assistant Professor, Systems & Software, School of Systems and EnterprisesProfessor Grogan's research interests include Earth-observing space systems and tackling issues in critical infrastructure systems such as power, water, communications and transportation.

Paul Grogan, assistant professor at the School of Systems & Enterprises (SSE), is serving as principal investigator for the Systems Engineering Research Center’s (SERC) first research task for a NASA sponsor working with the Earth Science Technology Office (ESTO) Advanced Information Systems Technology (AIST) program. The interdisciplinary team of researchers look to create the New Observing Strategies Testbed (NOS-T), an enterprise information system allowing NASA earth scientists to test, evaluate, and mature technology for observing conditions on Earth.

“The main challenge and opportunity is that we are engaging directly with earth science investigators. These are scientists who are studying Earth’s processes working with the engineers who are responsible for architecting and developing new hardware, sensors and satellite platforms,” said Grogan, who advises students in SSE's M.Eng. in space systems engineering program. “The test bed has to be accessible to this user population, balancing technical demands of a test bed and secure information exchange with usability challenges.”

Demonstrating SSE’s mission to enact transformative change in practical systems and global challenges, the NOS-T seeks to integrate information from a variety of sources to automate decisions about space-based observation operations.

One example of the NOS-T’s utility: during flooding, lower-resolution government satellite images detect flooding and data is compared with ground-based sensors that confirm the flood conditions. This combined analysis and confirmation could trigger higher-resolution commercial satellites to then gather new imagery in the same geographic area to support scientific analysis or disaster response. Currently, data sharing and synthesis between satellites and ground-based sensors is a manual process, but the NOS-T automation of analysis and triggers can improve data gathering and response times. Grogan hopes NOS will enhance system readiness levels and be a mechanism for socializing new concepts with the scientific community.

Version 1 of NOS-T will be released in early 2022 as an open source resource with a supporting tools library. This will be accompanied by an ICD—an interface control document that explains the protocol and actions required to utilize the NOS-T. Version 2 planned for release in August 2023 that will add capabilities and incorporate feedback from the user community.

For more information on NOS-T, view the concept illustrations via SERC or contact Paul Grogan at [email protected].