Nikhil Muralidhar (nmurali1)

Nikhil Muralidhar

Assistant Professor

Gateway Center S354

Education

  • PhD (2022) Virginia Tech (Computer Science)
  • MS (2015) George Mason University (Computer Science)
  • BS (2012) Virginia Tech (Computer Science)

Research

Assistant Professor in the Department of Computer Science at Stevens Institute of Technology.

At Stevens, I lead the SCAIL (Scientific Artificial Intelligence Lab) group. The primary research focus at SCAIL entails developing machine learning models that also incorporate scientific knowledge (along with data) governing a process of interest. This area of research is termed Knowledge-Guided Machine Learning (KGML).

Our group at SCAIL is especially focused on leveraging scientific domain knowledge to improve model generalization, decision interpretability and reduce the negative effects of data paucity and noise. Most recently, we have been focused on leveraging machine learning techniques to address challenges in physics (specifically computational fluid dynamics) to alleviate the cost of expensive simulations using science-guided machine learning models.

Other areas of research interest include:
1. Transfer Learning & Domain Adaptation
2. Multi-task & Meta Learning
3. Time-series Forecasting & Anomaly Detection (especially in the context of Cyber-Physical Systems)
4. Intelligent Disaster Management
5. Disease Modeling (COVID-19, Influenza-Like-illnesses)


General Information

I completed my Ph.D (Aug. 22') from the Department of Computer Science at Virginia Tech advised by Prof. Naren Ramakrishnan and Prof. Anuj Karpatne. Prior to my Ph.D., I was part of the Big Data and Personalization team at The Washington Post and was primarily focused on developing and maintaining news article recommendation systems and online content optimization tools using multi-armed bandits.

Honors and Awards

Nominated by CS Dept. for College of Engg. Outstanding Doctoral Student Award -------------- 2022
SIAM International Conference on Data Mining (SDM21) Travel Award --------------------------- 2021
Applied ML Summer Research Fellowship Los-Alamos Nat. Lab - (7.5% Acceptance Rate) ------- 2021
Expert Reviewer (International Conf. on Machine Learning) -------------------------------------- 2021
First place: COVID-19 Symptom Data Challenge organized by Catalyst Health & Facebook ------ 2020
Second Place: C3.ai COVID-19 Grand Challenge ------------------------------------------------- 2020
Top 33% Ranking Reviewer Appreciation (International Conf. on Machine Learning) ------------- 2020
National Science Foundation Urban Computing Fellowship -------------------------------------- 2016-2018
Outstanding Academic Achievement Award - CS Dept., George Mason University --------------- 2015

Patents and Inventions

1. Muralidhar N., Han E., Rangwala H., inventors; WP Company LLc, assignee. Systems and Methods for Recommending Temporally Relevant News Content for Implicit Feedback Data. United States patent US 10,977,322. 2021 Apr 13.

2. Nakayama K., Jin C., Sharma R., Muralidhar N., inventors; NEC Corp, assignee. Detection of false data injection attacks in power systems using multiplex invariant networks and domain knowledge. United States patent US 10,585,123. 2020 Mar 10

Selected Publications

Journal Publications

1. Ashwin NR, Cao Z, Muralidhar N, Tafti D, Karpatne A. Deep learning methods for predicting fluid forces in dense particle suspensions. Powder Technology. 2022 Mar 23:117303. (Impact Factor: 5.134)

2. Muralidhar, N., Bu, J., Cao, Z., He, L., Ramakrishnan, N., Tafti, D., & Karpatne, A. (2020). Physics-Guided Deep Learning for Drag Force Prediction in Dense Fluid-Particulate Systems. Big Data, 8(5), 431-449.(Impact Factor: 2.128)

3. Muralidhar, N., Tabassum, A., Chen, L., Chinthavali, S., Ramakrishnan, N., & Prakash, B. A. (2020). Cut-n-Reveal: Time Series Segmentations with Explanations. ACM Transactions on
Intelligent Systems and Technology (TIST), 11(5), 1-26. (Impact Factor: 4.654)

4. Muralidhar, N., Wang, C., Self, N., Momtazpour, M., Nakayama, K., Sharma, R., & Ramakrishnan, N. (2018). illiad: InteLLigent Invariant and Anomaly Detection in Cyber-Physical Systems. ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology (TIST), 9(3), 35. (Impact Factor: 4.654)

Conference Publications

5. Rathinavel, G., Muralidhar, N., O’Shea, T., & Ramakrishnan, N., Efficient Generative Wireless Anomaly Detection for Next Generation Networks. In MILCOM 2022-2022 IEEE Military Communications Conference (MILCOM) 2022 Nov 28. IEEE.

6. Rathinavel, G., Muralidhar, N., O’Shea, T., & Ramakrishnan, N., Detecting Irregular Network Activity with Adversarial Learning & Expert Feedback . In Proceedings of the 22nd IEEE International Conference on Data Mining (ICDM), IEEE, 2022. (Acceptance Rate 20%)

7. Muralidhar, N., Bu, J., Cao, Z., Raj, N., Ramakrishnan, N., Tafti, D., & Karpatne, A., “Phyflow: Physics-guided deep learning for generating interpretable 3D flow fields”. In Proceedings of the 21st IEEE International Conference on Data Mining (ICDM), IEEE, 2021. (Acceptance Rate 20%)

8. Muralidhar, N., Zubair, A., Weidler, N., Gerdes, R., & Ramakrishnan, N. Contrastive Graph Convolutional Networks for Hardware Trojan Detection in Third Party IP Cores. In Proceedings of the 14th IEEE International Symposium on Hardware-Oriented Security and Trust (IEEE HOST) 2021.

9. Rodriguez, A.*,Muralidhar, N.*, Adhikari, B., Tabassum, A., Ramakrishnan, N., & Prakash B.A. Steering a Historical Disease Forecasting Model Under a Pandemic: Case of Flu and COVID-19. In Proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) 2021 (https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.11407) - (Acceptance Rate 21%).

10. Danielson, T. L., Pike J. A., Whiteside T., Mayer B., Muralidhar N., Self N., & Butler P. Machine Learning Using Open Data Sources for Detection of Nuclear Proliferation Activities (U). Aiken, SC : Savannah River National Laboratory, SRNL-STI-2021-00047. January 2021.

11. Muralidhar, N., Bu, J., Cao, Z., He, L., Ramakrishnan, N., Tafti, D., Karpatne, A.
PhyNet: Physics-guided Neural Networks for Particle Drag Force Prediction in Assembly. Proceedings of the 2020 SIAM International Conference on Data Mining (SDM20). Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics 2020. [Selected for Publication in Special Issue on Best of SDM20] - (Acceptance Rate 21.3 %)

12. Muralidhar, N., Muthiah, S., Nakayama, K., Sharma, R., & Ramakrishnan, N. (2019, December). Multivariate Long-Term State Forecasting in Cyber-Physical Systems: A Sequence to Sequence Approach. In 2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (IEEE Big Data) (pp. 543-552). IEEE. - (Acceptance Rate 18.7%)

13. Nakayama, K., Muralidhar, N., Jin, C., & Sharma R. Detection of False Data Injection Attacks in Cyber-Physical Systems using Dynamic Invariants. Eighteenth International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications (ICMLA) (2019 December)

14. Muralidhar, N., Muthiah, S., & Ramakrishnan N. DyAt Nets: Dynamic Attention Networks for State Forecasting in Cyber-Physical Systems. Proceedings of the Twenty-Eighth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI) (2019 August) - (Acceptance Rate 17.9%).

15. Muralidhar, N., Islam, M. R., Marwah, M., Karpatne, A., & Ramakrishnan, N. (2018,
December). Incorporating Prior Domain Knowledge into Deep Neural Networks. In 2018 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (IEEE Big Data) (pp. 36-45) - (Acceptance Rate 19.7%).

16. Muralidhar, N., Rangwala H., and Han E., Recommending Temporally Relevant News Content From Implicit Feedback Data: A Tag Based Approach.IEEE 27th ICTAI 689-696 (2015)

Book Chapters & Theses

17. Muralidhar, N. (2022). Science Guided Machine Learning: Incorporating Scientific Domain Knowledge for Learning Under Data Paucity and Noisy Contexts (Doctoral dissertation, Virginia Tech).

18. Muralidhar, N., Bu, J., Cao, Z., He, L., Ramakrishnan, N., Tafti, D. & Karpatne, A.
Science-Guided Design & Evaluation of Machine Learning Models: A Case-Study on Multi-Phase Flows, In Science Guided Machine Learning: Emerging Trends in Combining Scientific Knowledge with Data-driven Methods., Karpatne, A., Kannan, R., Kumar, V.(Eds.), (Book to be published in Data Mining Knowledge Discovery Series, CRC Press, 2022).

19. Muralidhar, N. Recommending Temporally Relevant News Content From Implicit Feedback Data: A Tag Based Approach. Masters Thesis in Computer Science, George Mason University, December
2015.

Courses

CS-556 Mathematical Foundations of Machine Learning