Faculty Profile (Physics)

Knut Stamnes

PROFESSOR
Building: Burchard
Room: 712
Phone: 201.216.8194
Fax: 201.216.5638
Email: kstamnes@stevens.edu
Website
School:  Schaefer School of Engineering & Science
Department:  Physics and Engineering Physics
Program:  Physics
Laboratory:  Light and Life Laboratory
Education

1978 Ph.D., Astro-Geophysics, University of Colorado, USA

1972 M.Sc., Ionospheric Physics, University of Oslo, Norway

Research
  • Atmospheric/Space Research
    • Ionospheric resonse to aurol particle precipitation and solar EUV radiation
    • Ionospheric thermal structure and composition
    • Plasma heating
    • Electron transport and thermalization
    • Optical auroras
    • Neutral atmospheric heating
    • Kinetic theory of planetary atmospheres
  • Radiation transport in planetary media including the coupled atmosphere-snow/ice-ocean system
  • Atmospheric radiative energy balance and climate
  • Tropospheric, stratospheric heating and cooling by solar and terrestrial radiation,
  • Atmospheric photodissociation rates and their impact on composition
  • Satellite remote sensing of the environment
  • Numerical modeling of geophysical phenomena and comparison with measurements
  • Radiation transport in turbid such as biological tissue
  • Aerosol-cloud-radiation-climate interactions and feedbacks.
  • General Information
    • Post-Doctoral Fellow, University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF), 1978-1980.
    • Research Associate, University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF), 1980-1983.
    • Associate Professor, University of Tromsø, 1983-1988.
    • Chairman, Dept. of Physics, University of Tromsø, 1984-1986.
    • Sabbatical: University of Alaska and University of Colorado, June 1987-June 1988.
    • Adjunct Associate Professor, University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF), 1983-1988.
    • Professor of Physics, University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF), 1988-1999.
    • Head of Atmospheric Science Group at Geophysical Institute/UAF, 1993-1995.
    • Sabbatical: University of Bergen, Norway, September 1995-June 1996.
    • Head of Atmospheric Science Group at Geophysical Institute/UAF, 1996-98.
    • Head of Environmental Optics Group at Geophysical Institute/UAF, 1998-1999.
    • Professor Emeritus, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2000-.
    • Professor, Stevens Institute of Technology, 1999-present.
    • Director, Light and Life Laboratory, Stevens Institute of Technology, 2000-present.
    • Director, Department of Physics and Engineering Physics, Stevens Institute of Technology, 2007-present.
    Honors & Awards
    • Recipient of the 1991 Terris and Katarina Moore Prize at the University of Alaska
    • Member of Science Working Group for Surface Heat and Energy Budget of the Arctic Ocean (SHEBA) Program, 1992-96
    • Site Scientist of DOE's Arctic ARM (Atmospheric Radiation Measurements) Research Site, 1992-2002
    • Science Team Member of the Japanese ADEOS Program, 1995-present
    • Who's Who in the World and Who's Who in the West
    • Awarded Professor Emeritus status at the University of Alaska in 2000
    • Recipient of an SPIE Excellence Award in 2001
    • Elected Fellow of the Optical Society of America, 2002

    Professional Societies
    • American Geophysical Union
    • American Meteorological Society
    • European Geophysical Society
    • European Optical Society
    • Norwegian Physical Society
    • Oceanography Society

    Selected Publications
    Conference Proceedings
    1. K. Stamnes, B. Hamre, J. J. Stamnes, G. Ryzhikov, M. Biryulina. (2009). "Modeling of radiation transport in coupled atmosphere-snow-ice-ocean systems", Proc. Int. Conference Methods & Reactor Physics (M&C 2009), Saratoga Springs, New York, May 3-7. Proc. Int. Conference Methods & Reactor Physics (M&C 2009).
    Journals
    1. Swanson, D. L., S. D. Laman, M. Biryulina, K. P. Nielsen, G. Ryzhikov, J. J. Stamnes, B. Hamre, L. Zhao, F. S. Castellana, and K. Stamnes. (2009). "Optical transfer diagnosis of pigmented lesions: a pilot study", Skin Research and Technology. (15), 330-337.
    2. Aoki, T., M. Hori, and K. Stamnes. (2009). "ADEOS-II/GLI Snow/Ice Products and the scientific implications", J. Remote Sens. Soc. Japan (JRSSJ). (77), 595-614.
    3. Zhang, K., W. Li, H. Eide, and K. Stamnes. (2007). "A Bio-optical model suitable for use in forward and inverse coupled atmosphere-ocean radiative transfer models", J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer. 103, 411-423.
    4. Spurr, R., K. Stamnes, H. Eide, W. Li, K. Zhang, and J. Stamnes. (2007). "Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and ocean color: A classic inverse modeling approach: I. Analytic Jacobians from the linearized CAO-DISORT model", J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiative Transfer. 104, 428-449.
    5. Nielsen, K. P, L. Zhao, J. J. Stamnes, K. Stamnes, and J. Moan. (2006). "The importance of the depth distribution of melanin in skin for DNA protection and photobiological processes", J. Photochem. Photobiol. B: Biology. 82, 194-198.
    6. Zhao, L., K.P. Nielsen, A. Juzeniene, P. Juzenas, V. Iani, L.W. Ma, K. Stamnes, J.J. Stamnes, and J. Moan. (2006). "Spectroscopic measurements of photoinduced processes in human skin after topical application of the hexylester of 5-aminolevulinic acid", J. Environ. Pathol. Toxicol. Oncol.. 25, 307-320.
    7. Jin, Z., T. P. Charlock, K. Rutledge, K. Stamnes, and Y. Wang. (2006). "An analytical solution of Radiative Transfer in the Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean System with Rough Surface", Applied Optics. 45, 7443-7455.
    8. Jiang, S., K. Stamnes, W. Li and B. Hamre. (2005). "Enhanced Solar Irradiance Across the Atmosphere-Sea Ice Interface: A Quantitative Numerical Study", Applied Optics. 44, 2613-2625.
    9. Stamnes, K., W. Li, H. Eide and J. J. Stamnes. (2005). "Challenges in atmospheric correction of satellite imagery", Opt. Eng.. 44, 041003-1-041003-9.
    10. Erga, S. R., K. Aursland, O. Frette, B. Hamre, J. K. Lotsberg, J. J. Stamnes, J. Aure, F. Rey, and K. Stamnes. (2005). "UV transmission in Norwegian marine waters: controlling factors and possible effects on primary production and vertical distribution of phytoplankton", Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser.. 305 79-100.
    11. Hamre, B., J.-G. Winther, S. Gerland, J. J. Stamnes, and K. Stamnes. (2004). "Modeled and measured optical transmittance of snow covered first-year sea ice in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard", J. Geophys. Res.. 109, d0i:10.1029/2003JC001926.
    12. Stamnes, K., W. Li, B. Yan, H. Eide, A. Barnard, W. S. Pegau and J. J. Stamnes. (2003). "Accurate and self-consistent ocean color algorithm: simultaneous retrieval of aerosol optical properties and chlorophyll concentrations", Applied Optics. 42, 939-951.
    13. Stamnes, K. (2002). "Ultraviolet and Visible Radiation in the Atmosphere-Ocean System: A Tutorial Review of Modeling Capabilities", Opt. Eng.. 41, 3008-3018.
    14. Lubin, D., W. Li, P. Dustan, C. H. Mazel, and K. Stamnes. (2001). "Remote sensing of coral reefs from space: Spectral signatures and band optimization", Remote Sensing of the Environment. 75, 127-137.
    15. Hu, Y.-X., and K. Stamnes. (2000). "Climate sensitivity to cloud optical properties", Tellus. 52B, 81-93.
    16. Stamnes, K., R. G. Ellingson, J. A. Curry, J. E. Walsh, and B. D. Zak. (1999). "Review of science issues and deployment strategies for the North Slope of Alaska/Adjacent Arctic Ocean (NSA/AAO) ARM site", J. Climate. 12, 46-63.
    17. Schulz, F. M., K. Stamnes, and J. J. Stamnes. (1998). "Scattering of electromagnetic waves by spheroidal particles: A novel approach exploiting the T-matrix computed in spheroidal coordinates", Applied Optics. 37, 7875-7896.
    18. Meier, R. R., G. P. Anderson, C. A. Cantrell, L. A. Hall, J. Lean, K. Minschwaner, R. E. Shetter, E. P. Shettle, and K. Stamnes. (1997). "Actinic radiation in the terrestrial atmosphere", J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Physics. 59, 2111-2157.
    19. Zhang, T., K. Stamnes, and S. A. Bowling. (1996). "Impact of clouds on surface radiative fluxes and snowmelt in the Arctic and Subarctic", J. Climate. 9, 2110-2123.
    20. Kylling, A., K. Stamnes, and S. C. Tsay. (1995). "A reliable and efficient two-stream algorithm for spherical radiative transfer: Documentation of accuracy in realistic layered media", J. Atmos. Chem.. 21, 115-150.
    21. Jin, Z., and K. Stamnes. (1994). "Radiative transfer in nonuniformly refracting media such as the atmosphere/ocean system", Applied Optics. 33, 431-442.
    22. Stamnes, K. (1993). "The stratosphere as a modulator of ultraviolet radiation into the biosphere", Surveys in Geophys. 14, 167-186.
    23. Hu, Y.-X., and K. Stamnes. (1993). "An accurate parameterization of the radiative properties of water clouds suitable for use in climate models", J. Climate. 6, 728-742.
    24. Kylling, A., and K. Stamnes. (1992). "Efficient yet accurate solution of the linear transport equation in the presence of internal sources: The exponential-linear-in-depth approximation", J. Comp. Phys.. 102, 265-276.
    25. Stamnes, K., . Lie-Svendsen and M.H. Rees. (1991). "The linear Boltzmann equation in slab geometry: Development and verification of a reliable and efficient solution", Planet. Space Sci.. 39, 1453-1463.
    26. Stamnes, K., J. Slusser, M. Bowen, C. Booth, and T. Lucas. (1990). "Biologically effective ultraviolet radiation, total ozone abundance and cloud optical depth at McMurdo Station, Antarctica, September 15, 1988 through April 15, 1989", Geophys. Res. Lett.. 17, 2181-2184.
    27. Tsay, S.-C., K. Stamnes and K. Jayaweera. (1989). "Radiative energy budget in the cloudy and hazy Arctic", J. Atmos. Sci.. 46, 1002-1018.
    28. Stamnes, K., S. C. Tsay, W. J. Wiscombe, and K. Jayaweera. (1988). "Numerically stable algorithm for discrete-ordinate-method radiative transfer in multiple scattering and emitting media", Applied Optics. 27, 2502-2509.
    29. Stamnes, K. (1986). "The theory of multiple scattering of radiation in plane parallel atmospheres", Rev. Geophys.. 24, 299-310.
    30. Stamnes, K. and R. A. Swanson. (1981). "A new look at the discrete ordinate method for radiative transfer calculations in anisotropically scattering atmospheres", J. Atmos. Sci.. 38, 387-389.
    31. Stamnes, K. (1980). "Analytic approach to auroral electron transport and energy degradation", Planet. Space Sci.. 28, 427-441.
    Courses
    • PEP 575 Fundamentals of Atmospheric Radiation and Climate
    • PEP 503 Introduction to Solid State Physics
    • PEP 555 Statistical Physics and Kinetic Theory
    • PEP 667 Statistical Mechanics