Research & Innovation

Howe School Researchers Win Best Paper @ HICSS-46

Howe School Researchers WIN Best Paper @ HICSS-46


Professor Yasuaki Sakamoto along with a Howe School post doc, Yuko Tanaka, and Ph.D. student Rongjuan Chen,  presented two papers at the Hawaii International Conference System Sciences—46 in early January 2013. The papers were both under consideration as “best papers.” Toward A Social-Technological System That Inactivates False Rumors Through The Critical Thinking Of Crowds WON as best paper. Congratulations to the authors Tanaka, Y., Sakamoto, Y., & Matsuka, T. (Chiba University in Japan).

Now in its 46th year, the Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS) is one of the longest standing continuously running scientific conferences. This conference brings together researchers in an aloha-friendly atmosphere conducive to free exchange of scientific ideas.

HICSS-46 offers a unique, highly interactive and professionally challenging environment that attendees find "very helpful — lots of different perspectives and ideas as a result of discussion." 

Howe School papers under consideration:

Perspective Matters: Sharing Of Crisis Information In Social Media

Chen, R., & Sakamoto, Y.

In the current work, we examined information sharing behavior in social media when one was taking the perspective of self versus other. We found that imagining self in a disaster center, Fukushima, Japan, increased the likelihood of sharing crisis information relative to imagining another person, John, in the same place. People's intention to share crisis information by default, without being asked to take any perspective, paralleled the intention to share when taking another person’s perspective. Moreover, when the information was associated with negative feelings, such as worry or fear, it was more likely to be shared; when the information was perceived confusing or uninteresting, it was less likely to be shared.

Please click here for the full paper


Toward A Social-Technological System That Inactivates False Rumors Through The Critical Thinking Of Crowds

Authors:  Tanaka, Y., Sakamoto, Y., & Matsuka, T. (Chiba University in Japan)

Critical thinking is an important part of media literacy. It allows people to find facts among rumors and to inactivate false information. Such abilities are essential when social media is flooded with rumors during disaster response. We envision a social-technological system in which critical thinking is crowd-sourced: Individuals benefit from others' criticisms of false information, and the system inactivates the spread of false information. To test the plausibility of this system, we examined the effect of exposure to criticisms on people’s decision to spread rumors in social media. When people were exposed to criticisms before rumors, the proportion of responses aimed at stopping the spread of rumors was significantly larger than when people were exposed to rumors before criticisms. We identified some psychological factors that could explain this effect. Based on our results, we discuss practical implications for developing a social-technological system that harnesses the critical thinking of crowds.

Please click here for the full paper


For more information please email professor Yasuaki Sakamoto [email protected]