Talks & Lectures
20 Nov 2019
Edwin A Stevens Building 330

Digital 4D Printing for Engineered Living Materials

Department of Mechanical Engineering


Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Rutgers University – New Brunswick


Engineered living materials refer to artificial materials systems that have attributes of living systems, including the ability to sense the presence of external stimuli and adapt to the changing environment. Such materials systems have enormous potential for autonomous and intelligent engineering systems when precisely manufactured in specific architectures with programmed responses. Emerging pathway to create dynamic and adaptive mechanical systems involves additive manufacturing (often called 3D printing) of responsive materials. This approach has been recently termed “4D printing”, with the 4th dimension being time.

In this seminar, 4D printing of responsive materials using projection micro-stereolithography (PµSL) will be presented. PµSL is a micro 3D printing technique that turns light into a complex 3D structure by utilizing the state-of-the-art digital display. Combining rapid, versatile, and scalable micro 3D printing technique with smart materials, design principles and mechanics inspired by exquisite motions and morphologies in nature are physically realized. Micro-structures that can transform, move, and even jump are demonstrated by programming of dynamic response of various responsive hydrogels. In addition, unprecedented access to micro- and nano-scale afforded by precision micro 3D printing allows for implementation of mechanics-driven design principles in micro-architectures, leading to mechanical properties far superior to those found in nature, such as ultra-low density and high stiffness. Furthermore, geometrically reconfigurable, functionally deployable, and mechanically tunable lightweight material is created through 4D printing of a shape memory polymer.


Dr. Howon Lee is an Assistant Professor in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Rutgers University – New Brunswick. He received his BS and MS degrees from Seoul National University in 2004 and 2006, respectively, and PhD degree from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 2011, all in mechanical engineering. He then held a Battelle/MIT Postdoc Fellow position at MIT before he joined Rutgers in 2014. His research group at Rutgers is currently involved in a wide spectrum of research including advanced manufacturing, mechanics of smart materials, mechanical metamaterials, and biomedical engineering.

For opportunities to meet with the speaker, please contact Prof. Chang-Hwan Choi ([email protected]).

Back to Events