For organic semiconductors, through proper control of processing, we are able to realize pinhole free films with grains of up to 500 μm in extent. We will show our efforts to understand their formation and epitaxy of like and unlike adlayers. These materials are allowing us to examine some of the intrinsic properties of organic photovoltaics and provide a glimpse into interesting phenomena, such as highly delocalized charge transfer states at crystalline heterojunctions that are shown to substantially reduce heterojunction losses. Hybrid inorganic-organic perovskite materials, most commonly methylammonium lead triiodide (MAPbI3), have garnered significant interest in the thin film optoelectronics community due to their outstanding optical and electrical properties. Our work has determined that the fabrication of MAPbI3 thin films displays all of the hallmarks of sol-gel processing. We directly correlate experimental observations with basic sol-gel theory to elucidate the critical steps and specifically target these steps to improve the quality of spin coated thin films, realizing films with roughness on the order of a few nm that allow us to demonstrate world-class (10-15% EQE) light emitting devices.
Barry Rand earned a bachelors of engineering in electrical engineering from The Cooper Union in 2001. Then he received M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from Princeton University in 2003 and 2007, respectively. From 2007 to 2013, he was at IMEC in Leuven, Belgium researching the understanding, optimization, and manufacturability of thin-film solar cells. Since 2013, he has been an assistant professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment at Princeton University. He has authored approximately 100 refereed journal publications, has 19 issued US patents and has received the 3M Nontenured Faculty Award (2014), DuPont Young Professor Award (2015), DARPA Young Faculty Award (2015), and ONR Young Investigator Program Award (2016).
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