2012 Technogenesis Projects - Engineering

  1. NUE: Nanotechnology EXposure for Undergraduate Students (NUE-NEXUS)

    The Stevens nanotechnology education team lead by Prof. EH Yang, Mechanical Engineering has been funded by National Science Foundation on Nanotechnology Undergraduate Education (NUE) Program. The primary goal of the proposed program is to create a nexus between nanotechnology and undergraduate engineering education at Stevens to expand understanding of nanotechnology and its applications to a broad undergraduate student population. This goal will be achieved through a comprehensive undergraduate nanotechnology implementation involving newly developed curriculum and research experiences.

    This program introduces nanotechnology into undergraduate engineering education by providing an integrated coursework and research environment early, and throughout, the undergraduate curriculum will provide significant opportunities for these students to be exposed and contribute to nanotechnology research. Undergraduates interested in a more intense, research-based exposure to nanotechnology may wish to pursue the optional research track. Here as early as their first summer at Stevens (after Freshman Year), these students will be placed with a research advisor/group to immerse the students within the research culture, to pique their excitement and enthusiasm for research, and to expose the students to the variety of nanotechnology research activities being pursued at Stevens. This research training track in nanotechnology will be aided by the Stevens Scholars and TechnogenesisTM Summer Scholars programs to maximize the benefits of the undergraduate research experiences.

    Participating Stevens Faculty include: Prof. EH Yang (Mechanical Engineering); Prof. Ronald Besser (Chemical Engineering and Materials Science); Prof. Frank Fisher (Mechanical Engineering); Prof. Chang-Hwan Choi (Mechanical Engineering); Prof. Yong Shi, Prof. David Cappelleri (Mechanical Engineering), Prof. Hongjun Wang (Biomedical Engineering), Prof. Yi Guo (Electrical Engineering), and Prof. Stefan Strauf (Physics and Engineering Physics)

    A full list of potential Stevens Research Advisors in working in nanotechnology can be found at: http://www.stevens.edu/nano/faculty.html

    Advisor: Prof. Eui-Hyeok (EH) Yang, Ph.D
    Department of Mechanical Engineering
    Email: eyang@stevens.edu
    phone: (201) 216-5574

    http://www.stevens.edu/nanoelectronics/

  2. Cognitive Radio Test Bed Development

    Use GNU Radio software and USRP hardware modules to development a cognitive radio test bed. Implement and test cognitive radio algorithms for efficient and reliable wireless communications. C++ is used in software implementation.

    http://gnuradio.org/

    http://www.ettus.com/

    Advisor: Prof. Yu-Dong Yao
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
    Email: yyao@stevens.edu
    Phone: (201) 216-5264

  3. Interactive Simulation Platform for Cognitive Radio Networks

    Use Java/Java Scripts or Matlab to develop a simulation platform with interactive GUI to model and simulate cognitive radio networks for both military and civilian application scenarios. Issues related to wireless communications throughput, reliability, security, and energy efficiency will be investigated.

    /~yyao/CR-simulation-pic.pdf

    Advisor: Prof. Yu-Dong Yao
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
    Email: yyao@stevens.edu
    Phone: (201) 216-5264

  4. Mathematical Modeling of Interference in Cognitive Radio Networks

    Use of calculus and probability theory in modeling and analyzing cognitive radio networks. Different interference and malicious attack scenarios will be examined. Algorithms to mitigate interference and counter malicious attacks will be developed.

    /~yyao/paper-pdf/2011-chen-cheng-yao-TW-2135.pdf
    /~yyao/paper-pdf/2012-MAB.pdf

    Advisor: Prof. Yu-Dong Yao
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
    Email: yyao@stevens.edu
    Phone: (201) 216-5264

  5. Robotic Simulation and Experimental Study of Cooperative Behaviors of Multi-Robots

    The project will investigate cooperative behaviors of multi-robotic systems, including cooperative source seeking and cooperative emergency evacuation. In particularly, robotic simulations and experiments will be conducted to validate existing cooperative control methods in emerging applications.

    It is desired that students have a good background in computer science, and good programming skills in C/C++, server-client applications.

    Advisor: Prof. Yi Guo, Ph.D.
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
    Email: yguo1@stevens.edu
    Phone: (201) 216-5658

  6. Smartphone Indoor Localization

    Mobile apps, especially those location based ones, are changing the way people work and live every day, and many such apps have to deal with an indoor environment, e.g., shopping malls and airports. In many such environments, the availability of indoor location information can be used to help individuals (directions, just-in-time coupons/promotions) and organizations (passenger flow distribution in airports, customer shopping/movements' pattern in malls). All these apps would require a practical, robust and efficient smartphone indoor localization solution. The undergraduate will work with Ph.D. students in the Data Analysis and Information Security Lab to design and experiment a practical and energy efficient indoor localization solution leveraging multiple sensing modalities enabled by smartphones.

    Advisor: Yingying (Jennifer) Chen
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
    Email: yingying.chen@stevens.edu
    Phone: (201) 216-8066

  7. Micro Aerial and Ground Vehicles

    This project is related to the design, build, and testing of a novel, low-cost, micro (0.5 meter scale) aerial and ground vehicle robot platforms. Duties will include component assembly, text fixture design and fabrication, programming, and subsystem functional testing.

    Advisor: Prof. David Cappelleri
    Department of Mechanical Engineering
    Email: david.cappelleri@stevens.edu
    Phone: (201) 216-5072

  8. Micromanipulation and Assembly

    This project is related to the design, build, and testing of a novel, low-cost, micro (0.5 meter scale) aerial and ground vehicle robot platforms. Duties will include component assembly, text fixture design and fabrication, programming, and subsystem functional testing.

    Advisor: Prof. David Cappelleri
    Department of Mechanical Engineering
    Email: david.cappelleri@stevens.edu
    Phone: (201) 216-5072

  9. Mobile Micro/Nano Robots

    The goal of this project is to develop the theory, technology, fabrication, testing, and control methodologies needed to create true micro-scale (less than 500 um) mobile, untethered (wireless) robots. The applications for this technology are in both the biological and manufacturing areas. The project duties will include test-bed component design, fabrication, testing, assembly, and programming.

    Advisor: Prof. David Cappelleri
    Department of Mechanical Engineering
    Email: david.cappelleri@stevens.edu
    Phone: (201) 216-5072

  10. A graphical Simulation Software For Medical Imaging Education

    In this project, we will develop a computer simulation software which can effectively help students to understand the underlying science as well as the applications of medical imaging through a serious of computer simulated lab exercises. The software can be written in C or JAVA with certain graphic APIs such as OpenGL, Direct3D etc. The software will try to model some fundamental physical properties of x-ray, gamma-ray and ultrasound, and functions of common medical imaging modalities, including CT, MRI, SPECT, ultrasound imaging. Although the software is to be used for medical imaging education, the project is essentially similar to computer game development, which should be fun. Students with some graphics and game programming skills are welcome. This project does not require knowledge in physics and medical imaging. This project is also supported by NSF.

    Advisor: Hong Man
    Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering
    Email: hong.man@stevens.edu
    Phone: (201) 216-5038

  11. Engineering Scaffolds for Cartilage Regeneration

    Osteoarthritis has attributed annual medical costs exceeding $60 billion while affecting over 27 million US patients in 2010. Cartilage damage is a major factor of Osteoarthritis. Articular cartilage is a critical component of joints, it acts as a low friction, wear resistant, load bearing surface for joint movement, when damaged there is constant pain, inflammation, and limited motion of the damage. In order to prevent further progression of degenerative osteoarthritis, intervention to heal the articular cartilage defects is needed. In this project, we are interested in developing a scaffold through various engineering approaches for repairing articular cartilage damage. The project will involve the design, fabrication and characterization of the scaffolds, and evaluation of cell materials interactions.

    Advisor: Xiaojun Yu
    Department of Chemistry, Chemical Biology and Biomedical Engineering
    Email: xyu@stevens.edu
    Phone: (201) 216-5256

  12. Atmospheric and Oceanic Decision Making Tool for First Responders

    Magello: A User-Friendly Web-Based Tool for Emergency Response

    In the immediate aftermath of a catastrophic event in an urban setting like New York City, it is important that emergency responders have quick access to accurate information in order to make timely, well-informed decisions. In the hypothetical case of a manmade attack, such as the detonation of a dirty bomb in the New York Harbor area, it would be of vital importance to predict, as accurately as possible, how fast and in which direction the resulting radioactive airborne and waterborne plumes would travel. Without immediate access to high-quality (i.e. high-resolution) environmental data regarding existing oceanic and atmospheric conditions, making these predictions would be impossible.

    What Magello does is to provide a place where this ultra-high-resolution data can be accessed and viewed by security professionals and first responders in a user- friendly format. Based on a Google EarthTM platform, Magello displays such oceanic and atmospheric conditions as wind speed and direction, water current speed and direction, air temperature, water temperature, salinity, and precipitation, to name a few. Automatic Identification System (AIS) capabilities which provide the ability to monitor commercial vessel traffic are also included. Using this information, Magello offers the ability to model airborne and waterborne plumes using up-to- the-minute environmental data in order to facilitate quick, life-saving decisions in the immediate wake of a disaster. Ultimately intended to become a smartphone application as well as a website, Magello provides decision-makers and responders with vital information quickly and accurately from anywhere in the field before, during, and after a natural or manmade catastrophic event.

    The undergraduate Technogenesis Summer Scholar will work with researchers from the Center for Secure and Resilient Maritime Commerce (CSR), a DHS Center of Excellence in Port and Maritime Security to evolve the simulation and modeling capabilities and smartphone applications of the Magello web portal.

    Advisor: Prof. Julie Pullen
    Center for Secure and Resilient Maritime Commerce
    Department of Civil, Environmental and Ocean Engineering
    Email: Bdefares@stevens.edu
    Phone: (201)216-5362

  13. Nonlinear Vibrations Research

    Multiple, stable and unstable, periodic solutions of the equations of periodically forced, damped, nonlinear systems may exist. Accurate numerical approximations to stable periodic solutions can be found by straightforward numerical integration. A set of initial conditions would be chosen and the equations integrated over many forcing cycles. If stable periodic solutions exist (and if friction is not small enough for chaotic solutions to exist), the eventual result would approach a stable periodic solution. The object of this research is to develop techniques that use numerical integration to find unstable periodic solutions.

    Potential candidates should be comfortable using high level programing languages like Matlab/Octave (a free equivalent that is considerably less unwieldy and has better integration routines).

    Adviser: Martin Senator
    Davidson Laboratory
    Email: msenator@stevens.edu
    phone: (201) 216-5672

  14. Design of a Surgical Robot ? Body-Internal Components

    Working with past designs, a team of students shall design a system of surgical manipulators capable of operating inside the body, being sterilized for re-use, perceiving reaction forces from contact with the body, encode and transmit data from inside the body to receivers on body-external components, and be operated from servos on the body-external components.

    Advisor: Prof. Arthur B. Ritter
    Department of Chemistry, Chemical Biology and Biomedical Engineering
    Email: Arthur.Ritter@stevens.edu
    Phone: (201) 216-8290

  15. Utilizing Computer Vision for Assistance in Stereoscopic Endoscopy for Robotic-Assisted Surgery

    Students shall program a real-time-system capable of constructing a virtual 3d image from stereoscopic video obtained from live surgery, and discerning the distances to specific features within the environment, and displaying an overlay to the user detailing distances to notable features of interest.

    Advisor: Prof. Arthur B. Ritter
    Department of Chemistry, Chemical Biology and Biomedical Engineering
    Email: Arthur.Ritter@stevens.edu
    Phone: (201) 216-8290

  16. FPGA based Design Lab for Digital Systems Design

    Currently students program an FPGA development board to effect simple I/O and signal processing functions. The goal of this project is to develop platform for students to implement on a up to date high-performance FPGA development system.

    The student should have a good background in digital design and experience in programming VHDL for simulation and synthesis.

    Advisor: Prof. Bryan Ackland
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
    Email: backland@stevens.edu
    Phone: (201)216-8096

  17. Large Area High Quality Graphene Growth for Photodetection Applications

    Nobel Prize winning material Graphene has attracted numerous scientific applications due to its extraordinary properties. To fabricate Graphene devices and utilize these extraordinary properties, large area fabrication process is essential. We are currently developing high quality Graphene fabrication process for very novel photodetector devices which show tremendous promise in nanoelectronics (ultrafast phototransistors) and nanophotonics (wide-band photosensors) applications . As a part of this project, student will have an opportunity to work at company 'epiGraphene Lab' in Hoboken for Graphene fabrication using CVD process and at Stevens for Graphene characterization using AFM and Raman spectroscopy. The student is expected to have some Physics/Chemistry background and some lab experience. Upon successful completion of this project, based on the student's interest and understanding of the process, there might be possible part time employment opportunity beyond Summer session.

    Advisor: Vikram Patil / Stefan Strauf
    Department of Physics & Engineering Physics
    Email: vpatil3@stevens.edu / strauf@stevens.edu
    Phone: (201) 216-5639

  18. Quantifying Storm Surge Risk in New York City

    A research project is available where a student would assist researchers in quantifying storm surge risk in New York City for our current climate, as well as future climate with sea level rise. Climate change is likely to increase the storm surge threat due to sea level rise and also potentially due to ocean warming, which may increase the number of intense coastal storms. On one hand, we are fortunate that direct hurricane strikes are extremely rare ? four hurricanes have struck NYC since 1600. On the other hand, residents have been lulled to complacency by this recent long period without a hit. Storm surges in these hurricanes were 10-13 feet, which flooded about half of Manhattan below 34 th Street and large swaths of East Harlem, Queens, Brooklyn and Staten Island. Severe storms occur infrequently, so it is useful to use computer simulations of thousands of storms and the ocean's response, to understand flood probabilities. We are running storm surge simulations using the ocean model sECOM, the Stevens Institute version of the popular ECOM (Estuary and Coastal Ocean Model).

    Student projects could include:

    • batch computer programming on a supercomputer for creating multiple sECOM model simulations
    • helping with visualization of floods, including animations of our sECOM results that help raise awareness of the possible impacts
    • working with data and mapping, requiring GIS skills
    • working with historic flooding data to evaluate model accuracy

    More information is online at: http://philiporton.com/2011/01/31/the-nyc-storm-surge-threat/

    Advisors: Philip Orton / Alan Blumberg
    Environmental & Ocean Engineering / Center of Maritime Systems
    Email: philip.orton@stevens.edu / alan.blumberg@stevens.edu
    Phone: (201) 216-8095 / (201) 216-5289

  19. Market Study and Business Plan Development for a Nanotech Startup

    Ability to manufacture nanostructures over a large substrate area at a relative low cost has gained a great deal of interest in recent times due to various multi-functional applications beyond nanoelectronics. To this end, we have currently developed patent pending technology capable of high-efficiency, high-throughput nano-patterning based on laser interference lithography. Due to its novelty, many commercialization oppurtunities exist for this technology. The objective of this Technogenesis project is to conduct market analysis as well as the development of a business plan for such a venture. A highly motivated student, preferably with good background in Technology Management and Physics/Engineering, is strongly recommended for this project. The student will also aid in the development of a website advertising the potential startup company and its technological capabilities/products.

    Advisors: Prof. Chang-Hwan Choi / Ishan Wathuthanthri
    Department of Mechanical Engineering
    Email: cchoi@stevens.edu / iwathuth@stevens.edu
    Phone: (201) 216-579