CAL 105 Reader

The CAL 105 reader is a collaborative effort, edited by the Dean of Arts and Letters, Lisa Dolling, with input from the department faculty.  Contributing editors include Dawn Digrius, Assisant Professor of History; Garry Dobbins, Affiliate Associate Professor of Philosophy; Andrew Rubenfeld, Affiliate Professor of Literature; Susan Schept, Affiliate Associate Professor of Social Sciences; and Michael Steinmann, Associate Professor of Philosophy.


Preface and Acknowledgments


Part One:  Literature

Justice in Antiquity
Sophocles, Antigone

Renaissance Ideals
William Shakespeare, The Tempest

Modern Conceptions of Conformity and Alienation
Herman Melville, "Bartleby, the Scrivener"
T. S. Eliot, "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock"

Part Two:  Philosophy

The Soul, Knowledge of "The Good," and the Examined Life
Plato, Apology; Republic

Knowledge and the Distractions of Modernity
Francis Bacon, The New Organon:  The Four Idols of the Mind
Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy

Ethics and Morality in the Modern World
Immanuel Kant, The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals
John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism
Friedrich Nietzsche, The Gay Science; Untimely Mediations, III; Twilight of the Idols

Part Three:  History

Civilization and War:  The Demise of Greatness
Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War
Edward Gibbon, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

Modern Science and the Advance of Knowledge
Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species
Thomas Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

The World at War
Woodrow Wilson, "The Fourteen Points"
"The Treaty of Versailles"
John Maynard Keynes, "The Economic Consequences of the Peace"
Harry S. Truman, "Truman Doctrine"
John F. Kennedy, "Inaugural Speech"

Part Four:  Social Sciences

Psychology:  Development of the Self
William James, The Principles of Psychology
Sigmund Freud, Three Essays on the Theory of SexuailtyCivilization and its Discontents

Political Science and Economics:  Authority and Social Order
Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan
John Locke, Second Treatise on Government
Adam Smith, Wealth of Nations
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto
Robert Sidelsky, "The Road to Serfdom Revisited"

Sociology:  The Structure of Society
Émile Durkheim, "On the Relation of Sociology to the Social Sciences and to Philosophy"
Max Weber, "Definition of Sociology"

Environmental Studies:  Humanity's Impact on Nature
Rachel Carson, Silent Spring


An excerpt from the introduction of Knowledge, Nature, Culture:

"...We may ask, what does it mean to be educated?  How does one obtain the tools necessary to become educated?  And what is the role of the university in that process?  These are some of the questions that guided our efforts as we sought to provide our students with what they need to flourish in life.  As the process unfolded, it became increasingly important that we also convey our belief that the true meaning of education goes far beyond the mere accumulation of facts, and requires considerably more than just learning names and memorizing dates.  And while we recognized the value and indispensibility of technical know-how and expertise, we also needed to communicate the fact that these skills can only bring one so far.  It is our conviction that a complete education requires the ability to think for oneself, to appreciate and understand the viewpoints of others, and, above all, to recognize the open-endedness of the educative process.  In that respect, our understanding of education is close to the German sense of bildung inasmuch as it evokes concepts like cultivation, formation, and development.  In particular, education thus understood involves cultivating a sense of imagination and creativity, both essential in order to acquire a sensitivity to the experiences of others."

-Lisa M. Dolling
Dean, College of Arts and Letters
Stevens Institute of Technology, 2011